CISO Tradecraft®

Welcome to CISO Tradecraft®, your guide to mastering the art of being a top-tier Chief Information Security Officer (CISO). Our podcast empowers you to elevate your information security skills to an executive level. Join us on this journey through the domains of effective CISO leadership.

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Episodes

3 days ago

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy delves into the complex intersection of ethics and artificial intelligence. The discussion covers the seven stages of AI, from rule-based systems to the potential future of artificial superintelligence. G Mark explores ethical frameworks, such as rights-based ethics, justice and fairness, utilitarianism, common good, and virtue ethics, and applies them to AI development and usage. The episode also highlights ethical dilemmas, including privacy concerns, bias, transparency, accountability, and the impacts of AI on societal norms and employment. Learn about the potential dangers of AI and how to implement and control AI systems ethically in your organization. 
 
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/10AhefqdhkT0PrEbh8qBZVn9wWS6wABO6
Chapters
00:00 Introduction to CISO Tradecraft
01:01 Stages of Artificial Intelligence
03:33 Ethical Implications of AI
05:24 Business Models and Data Security
13:52 Ethical Frameworks Explained
23:18 AI and Human Behavior
25:44 The TikTok Feedback Loop and Digital Addiction
26:54 AI's Unpredictable Capabilities
28:25 The Ethical Dilemmas of AI
30:57 Generative AI and Its Implications
42:10 The Role of Government and Society in AI Regulation
45:49 Conclusion and Ethical Considerations

Monday Jun 03, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy explores the challenges complexity introduces to cybersecurity, debunking the myth that more complex systems are inherently more secure. Through examples ranging from IT support issues to the intricacies of developing a web application with Kubernetes, the discussion highlights how complexity can obscure vulnerabilities, increase maintenance costs, and expand the attack surface. The episode also offers strategies to tackle complexity, including standardization, minimization, automation, and feedback-driven improvements, aiming to guide cybersecurity leaders toward more effective and less complex security practices.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1J0rPr0HxULpeVJMIwXKXqHuCfnXn4gDu
Chapters 
00:00 Introduction
01:03 The Misconception of Complexity in Cybersecurity
02:41 Real-World Complexities and Their Impact on IT
10:06 Simplifying Cybersecurity: Strategies and Solutions
14:48 Conclusion: Embracing Simplicity in Cybersecurity

Monday May 27, 2024

This episode of CISO Tradecraft features a conversation between host G. Mark Hardy and Chris Rothe, co-founder of Red Canary, focusing on cloud security, managed detection and response (MDR) services, and the evolution of cybersecurity practices. They discuss the genesis of Red Canary, the significance of their company name, and the distinctions between Managed Security Service Providers (MSSPs) and MDRs. The conversation also covers the importance of cloud security, the challenges of securing serverless and containerized environments, and leveraging open-source projects like Atomic Red Team for cybersecurity. They conclude with insights on the cybersecurity labor market, the value of threat detection reports, and the future of cloud security.
Red Canary: https://redcanary.com/
Chris Rothe: https://www.linkedin.com/in/crothe/
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XN4Bp7Sa2geGCVaHuqMRmJckms4q7_L6
 

Monday May 20, 2024

This episode of CISO Tradecraft, hosted by G Mark Hardy, features special guest Debbie Gordon. The discussion focuses on the critical role of Security Operations Centers (SOCs) in an organization's cybersecurity efforts, emphasizing the importance of personnel, skill development, and maintaining a high-performing team. It covers the essential aspects of building and managing a successful SOC, from hiring and retaining skilled incident responders to measuring their performance and productivity. The conversation also explores the benefits of simulation-based training with CloudRange Cyber, highlighting how such training can improve job satisfaction, reduce incident response times, and help organizations meet regulatory requirements. Through this in-depth discussion, listeners gain insights into best practices for enhancing their organization's cybersecurity posture and developing key skill sets to defend against evolving cyber threats.
Cloud Range Cyber: https://www.cloudrangecyber.com/
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/18ILhpOgHIFokMrkDAYaIEHK-f9hoy63u 
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
01:04 The Indispensable Role of Security Operations Centers (SOCs)
02:07 Building an Effective SOC: Starting with People
03:04 Measuring Productivity and Performance in Your SOC
05:36 The Importance of Continuous Training and Simulation in Cybersecurity
09:00 Debbie Gordon on the Evolution of Cyber Training
11:54 Developing Cybersecurity Talent: The Importance of Simulation Training
14:46 The Critical Role of People in Cybersecurity
21:57 The Impact of Regulations on Cybersecurity Practices
24:36 The Importance of Proactive Cybersecurity Training
26:26 Redefining Cybersecurity Roles and Training Approaches
30:08 Leveraging Cyber Ranges for Real-World Cybersecurity Training
36:03 Evaluating and Enhancing Cybersecurity Skills and Team Dynamics
37:49 Maximizing Cybersecurity Training ROI and Employee Engagement
41:40 Exploring CloudRange Cyber's Training Solutions
43:28 Conclusion: The Future of Cybersecurity Training

Monday May 13, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy discusses the findings of the 2024 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR), covering over 10,000 breaches. Beginning with a brief history of the DBIR's inception in 2008, Hardy highlights the evolution of cyber threats, such as the significance of patching vulnerabilities and the predominance of hacking and malware. The report identifies the top methods bad actors use for exploiting companies, including attacking VPNs, desktop sharing software, web applications, conducting phishing, and stealing credentials, emphasizing the growing sophistication of attacks facilitated by technology like ChatGPT for phishing and deepfake tech for social engineering. The episode touches on various cybersecurity measures, the omnipresence of multi-factor authentication (MFA) as a necessity rather than a best practice, and the surge in denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. Hardy also discusses generative AI's role in enhancing social engineering attacks and the potential impact of deepfake content on elections and corporate reputations. Listeners are encouraged to download the DBIR for a deeper dive into its findings.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1HYHukTHr6uL6khGncR_YUJVOhikedjSE 
Chapters
00:00 Welcome to CISO Tradecraft
00:35 Celebrating Milestones and Offering Services
01:39 Diving into the Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report
04:22 Top Attack Methods: VPNs and Desktop Sharing Software Vulnerabilities
09:24 The Rise of Phishing and Credential Theft
19:43 Advanced Threats: Deepfakes and Generative AI
23:23 Closing Thoughts and Recommendations

Monday May 06, 2024

In this joint episode of the Security Break podcast and CISO Tradecraft podcast, hosts from both platforms come together to discuss a variety of current cybersecurity topics. They delve into the challenge of filtering relevant information in the cybersecurity sphere, elaborate on different interpretations of the same news based on the reader's background, and share a detailed analysis on specific cybersecurity news stories. The discussion covers topics such as the implications of data sharing without user consent by major wireless providers and the fines imposed by the FCC, the significance of increasing bug bounty payouts by tech companies like Google, and a comprehensive look at how edge devices are exploited by hackers to create botnets for various cyberattacks. The conversation addresses the complexity of the cybersecurity landscape, including how different actors with varied objectives can simultaneously compromise the same devices, making it difficult to attribute attacks and protect networks effectively.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GtFIWtDf_DSIIgs_7CizcnAHGnFTTrs5
Chapters
00:00 Welcome to a Special Joint Episode: Security Break & CISO Tradecraft
01:27 The Challenge of Filtering Cybersecurity Information
04:23 Exploring the FCC's Fine on Wireless Providers for Privacy Breaches
06:41 The Complex Landscape of Data Privacy Regulations
16:00 The Economics of Data Breaches and Regulatory Fines
24:23 Bug Bounties and the Value of Security Research
33:21 Exploring the Economics of Cybersecurity
33:50 The Lucrative World of Bug Bounties
34:38 The Impact of Security Vulnerabilities on Businesses
35:50 Navigating the Complex Landscape of Cybersecurity
36:22 The Ethical Dilemma of Selling Exploit Information
37:32 Understanding the Market Dynamics of Cybersecurity
38:00 Focusing on Android Application Security
38:34 The Importance of Targeting in Cybersecurity Efforts
42:33 Exploring the Threat Landscape of Edge Devices
46:37 The Challenge of Securing Outdated Technology
49:28 The Role of Cybersecurity in Modern Warfare
53:15 Strategies for Enhancing Cybersecurity Defenses
01:05:25 Concluding Thoughts on Cybersecurity Challenges

Monday Apr 29, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G. Mark Hardy discusses seven critical issues facing the cybersecurity industry, offering a detailed analysis of each problem along with counterarguments. The concerns range from the lack of a unified cybersecurity license, the inefficiency and resource waste caused by auditors, to the need for a federal data privacy law. Hardy emphasizes the importance of evaluating policies, prioritizing effective controls, and examining current industry practices. He challenges the audience to think about solutions and encourages sharing opinions and additional concerns, aiming to foster a deeper understanding and improvement within the field of cybersecurity.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1H_kTbCG8n5f_d1ZHNr1QxsXf82xb08cG
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
01:28 Introducing the Seven Broken Things in Cybersecurity
02:00 1. The Lack of a Unified Cybersecurity License
06:53 2. The Problem with Cybersecurity Auditors
10:09 3. The Issue with Treating All Controls as High Priority
14:12 4. The Obsession with New Cybersecurity Tools
19:23 5. Misplaced Accountability in Cybersecurity
22:38 6. Rethinking Degree Requirements for Cybersecurity Jobs
26:49 7. The Need for Federal Data Privacy Laws
30:53 Closing Thoughts and Call to Action

Monday Apr 22, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, hosts G Mark Hardy and guests Jeff Majka and Andrew Dutton discuss the vital role of competitive threat intelligence in cybersecurity. They explore how Security Bulldog's AI-powered platform helps enterprise cybersecurity teams efficiently remediate vulnerabilities by processing vast quantities of data, thereby saving time and enhancing productivity. The conversation covers the importance of diverse threat intelligence sources, including open-source intelligence and insider threat awareness, and the strategic value of AI in analyzing and prioritizing data to manage cybersecurity risks effectively. The discussion also touches on the challenges and potentials of AI in cybersecurity, including the risks of data poisoning and the ongoing battle between offensive and defensive cyber operations.
The Security Bulldog: https://securitybulldog.com/contact/
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1D6yVMAxv16XWtRXalI5g-ZdepEMYmQCe
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:56 Introducing the Experts: Insights from the Field
02:43 Unpacking Cybersecurity Intelligence: Definitions and Importance
04:02 Exploring Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI): Applications and Strategies
13:11 The Role of AI in Enhancing Cybersecurity Efforts
16:43 Navigating the Complex Landscape of Cyber Threats and Defenses
19:07 The Future of AI in Cybersecurity: A Balancing Act
22:33 Exploring AI's Role in Cybersecurity
22:50 The Practical Application of AI in Cybersecurity
25:08 Challenges and Trust Issues with AI in Cybersecurity
26:52 Managing AI's Risks and Ensuring Reliability
31:00 The Evolution and Impact of AI Tools in Cyber Threat Intelligence
34:45 Choosing the Right AI Solution for Cybersecurity Needs
37:27 The Business Case for AI in Cybersecurity
41:22 Final Thoughts and the Future of AI in Cybersecurity
 

Monday Apr 15, 2024

This episode of CISO Tradecraft features a comprehensive discussion between host G Mark Hardy and guest Rafeeq Rehman, centered around the evolving role of CISOs, the impact of Generative AI, and strategies for effective cybersecurity leadership. Rafeeq shares insights on the CISO Mind Map, a tool for understanding the breadth of responsibilities in cybersecurity leadership, and discusses various focal areas for CISOs in 2024-2025, including the cautious adoption of Gen AI, tool consolidation, cyber resilience, branding for security teams, and maximizing the business value of security controls. The episode also addresses the importance of understanding and adapting to technological advancements, advocating for cybersecurity as a business-enabling function, and the significance of lifelong learning in information security.
Cybersecurity Learning Saturday: https://www.linkedin.com/company/cybersecurity-learning-saturday/
2024 CISO Mindmap: https://rafeeqrehman.com/2024/03/31/ciso-mindmap-2024-what-do-infosec-professionals-really-do/
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1axXQJoAdJI26ySKVfROI9rflvSe9Yz50
Chapters 
00:00 Introduction
00:57 Rafeeq Rehman: Beyond the CISO MindMap
04:17 The Evolution of the CISO MindMap
08:30 AI and the Future of Cybersecurity Leadership
11:47 Embracing Change: The Role of AI in Cybersecurity
14:16 Generative AI: Hype, Reality, and Strategic Advice for CISOs
22:32 Navigating the Future Job Market with AI
22:53 Framing AI for Specific Roles
24:12 Harnessing Creativity with Generative AI
25:14 Consolidating Security Tools for Efficiency
28:31 Evaluating Security Tools: A Deep Dive
32:21 Cyber Resilience: Beyond Incident Response
35:51 Building a Business-Focused Security Strategy
39:39 Maximizing Business Value Through Security
43:15 Looking Ahead: Focus Areas for the Future
43:53 Concluding Thoughts and Future Predictions

Monday Apr 08, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy welcomes Alex Dorr to discuss Reality-Based Leadership and its impact on reducing workplace drama and enhancing productivity. Alex shares his journey from professional basketball to becoming an evangelist of reality-based leadership, revealing how this approach helped him personally and professionally. They delve into the concepts of SBAR (Situation, Background, Analysis, Recommendation) for effective communication, toggling between low self and high self to manage personal reactions, and practical tools like 'thinking inside the box' to confront and solve workplace issues within given constraints. The conversation underscores the importance of focusing on actionable strategies over arguing with the drama and reality of workplace dynamics, aiming to foster a drama-free, engaged, and productive work environment.
Alex Dorr's Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/alexmdorr/
Reality-Based Leadership Website: https://realitybasedleadership.com/ 
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1wge0pFLxE4MkS6neVp68bdz8h9mHrwje 
 
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:57 Alex Dorr's Journey from Basketball to Leadership Expert
03:54 The Core Principles of Reality-Based Leadership
06:20 Understanding the Human Condition in the Workplace
09:19 Tackling Workplace Drama with Reality-Based Leadership
11:58 The Power of Positive Energy Management
17:42 Navigating Unpreferred Realities and Finding Impact
19:44 Reality-Based Leadership in Action: Techniques and Outcomes
23:12 The Importance of Skill Development Over Perfecting Reality
24:32 The Challenge of Employee Engagement
25:49 Secrets to Embracing Reality and Taking Action
25:58 Leadership vs. Management: Navigating Workplace Dynamics
28:28 Empowering Employees with the SBAR Framework
34:04 Addressing Venting and Negative Behaviors
36:17 Developing People: The Core of Leadership
37:50 Choosing Happiness Over Being Right
40:15 Integrating New Leadership Models and Making Them Stick
46:24 Concluding Thoughts and Contact Information

Monday Apr 01, 2024

This episode of CISO Tradecraft dives deep into the New York Department of Financial Services Cybersecurity Regulation, known as Part 500. Hosted by G Mark Hardy, the podcast outlines the significance of this regulation for financial services companies and beyond. Hardy emphasizes that Part 500 serves as a high-level framework applicable not just in New York or the financial sector but across various industries globally due to its comprehensive cybersecurity requirements. The discussion includes an overview of the regulation's history, amendments to enhance governance and incident response, and a detailed analysis of key sections such as multi-factor authentication, audit trails, access privilege management, and incident response. Additionally, the need for written policies, designating a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), and ensuring adequate resources for implementing a cybersecurity program are highlighted. The podcast also offers guidance on how to approach certain regulatory mandates, emphasizing the importance of teamwork between CISOs, legal teams, and executive management to comply with and benefit from the regulation's requirements.
AuditScripts: https://www.auditscripts.com/free-resources/critical-security-controls/
NYDFS: https://www.dfs.ny.gov/industry_guidance/cybersecurity 
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1CWrhNjHXG1rePtOQT-iHyhed2jfBaZud
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:35 Why Part 500 Matters Beyond New York
01:48 The Evolution of Financial Cybersecurity Regulations
03:20 Understanding Part 500: Definitions and Amendments
08:44 The Importance of Multi-Factor Authentication
14:33 Navigating the Complexities of Cybersecurity Regulations
20:23 The Critical Role of Asset Management and Access Privileges 25:37 The Essentials of Application Security and Risk Assessment
31:11 Incident Response and Business Continuity Management
32:36 Concluding Thoughts on NYDFS Cybersecurity Regulation

Monday Mar 25, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G. Mark Hardy delves into the crucial topic of the OWASP Top 10 Web Application Security Risks, offering insights on how attackers exploit vulnerabilities and practical advice on securing web applications. He introduces OWASP and its significant contributions to software security, then progresses to explain each of the OWASP Top 10 risks in detail, such as broken access control, injection flaws, and security misconfigurations. Through examples and recommendations, listeners are equipped with the knowledge to better protect their web applications and ultimately improve their cybersecurity posture.
OWASP Cheat Sheets: https://cheatsheetseries.owasp.org/
OWASP Top 10: https://owasp.org/www-project-top-ten/
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/17Tzyd6i6qRqNfMJ8OOEOOGpGGW0S8w32
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
01:11 Introducing OWASP: A Pillar in Cybersecurity
02:28 The Evolution of Web Vulnerabilities
05:01 Exploring Web Application Security Risks
07:46 Diving Deep into OWASP Top 10 Risks
09:28 1) Broken Access Control
14:09 2) Cryptographic Failures
18:40 3) Injection Attacks
23:57 4) Insecure Design
25:15 5) Security Misconfiguration
29:27 6) Vulnerable and Outdated Software Components
32:31 7) Identification and Authentication Failures
36:49 8) Software and Data Integrity Failures
38:46 9) Security Logging and Monitoring Practices
40:32 10) Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
42:15 Recap and Conclusion: Mastering Web Application Security

Monday Mar 18, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy delves into the critical subject of vulnerability management for cybersecurity leaders. The discussion begins with defining the scope and importance of vulnerability management, referencing Park Foreman's comprehensive approach beyond mere patching, to include identification, classification, prioritization, remediation, and mitigation of software vulnerabilities. Hardy emphasizes the necessity of a strategic vulnerability management program to prevent exploitations by bad actors, illustrating how vulnerabilities are exploited using tools like ExploitDB, Metasploit, and Shodan. He advises on deploying a variety of scanning tools to uncover different types of vulnerabilities across operating systems, middleware applications, and application libraries. Highlighting the importance of prioritization, Hardy suggests focusing on internet-facing and high-severity vulnerabilities first and discusses establishing service level agreements for timely patching. He also covers optimizing the patching process, the significance of accurate metrics in measuring program effectiveness, and the power of gamification and executive buy-in to enhance security culture. To augment the listener's knowledge and toolkit, Hardy recommends further resources, including OWASP TASM and books on effective vulnerability management.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/13P8KsbTOZ6b7A7HDngk9Ek9FcS1JpQij
OWASP Threat and Safeguard Matrix - https://owasp.org/www-project-threat-and-safeguard-matrix/
Effective Vulnerability Management - https://www.amazon.com/Effective-Vulnerability-Management-Vulnerable-Ecosystem/dp/1394221207
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:56 Understanding Vulnerability Management
02:15 How Bad Actors Exploit Vulnerabilities
04:26 Building a Comprehensive Vulnerability Management Program
08:10 Prioritizing and Remediation of Vulnerabilities
13:09 Optimizing the Patching Process
15:28 Measuring and Improving Vulnerability Management Effectiveness
18:28 Gamifying Vulnerability Management for Better Results
20:38 Securing Executive Buy-In for Enhanced Security
21:15 Conclusion and Further Resources

#172 - Table Top Exercises

Monday Mar 11, 2024

Monday Mar 11, 2024

This episode of CISO Tradecraft, hosted by G Mark Hardy, delves into the concept, significance, and implementation of tabletop exercises in improving organizational security posture. Tabletop exercises are described as invaluable, informal training sessions that simulate hypothetical situations allowing teams to discuss and plan responses, thereby refining incident response plans and protocols. The podcast covers the advantages of conducting these exercises, highlighting their cost-effectiveness and the crucial role they play in crisis preparation and response. It also discusses various aspects of preparing for and executing a successful tabletop exercise, including setting objectives, selecting participants, creating scenarios, and the importance of a follow-up. Additionally, the episode touches on compliance aspects related to SOC 2 and the use of tabletop exercises to expose and address potential organizational weaknesses. The overall message underscores the importance of these exercises in preparing cybersecurity teams for real-world incidents.
Outline & References:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/13Qj4MOjPxWz9mhQCDQNBtoQwrXdTeIEf
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yfmZALQfkhQCMfp9ao3151P9L2XcEXFm/
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:47 The Importance of Tabletop Exercises
01:53 The Benefits of Tabletop Exercises
03:06 How to Implement Tabletop Exercises
05:30 The Role of Tabletop Exercises in Compliance
08:24 The Participants in Tabletop Exercises
09:25 The Preparation for Tabletop Exercises
16:57 The Execution of Tabletop Exercises
21:58 Understanding Roles and Responsibilities in an Exercise
22:17 The Importance of a Hot Wash Up
23:36 Creating an After Action Report (AAR)
24:06 Implementing an Action Plan
24:34 Example Scenario: Network Administrator's Mistake
25:08 Formulating Targeted Questions for the Scenario
26:36 The Role of Innovation in Tabletop Exercises
27:11 The Connection Between Tabletop Exercises and Compliance
29:18 12 Key Steps to a Successful Exercise
30:43 The Importance of Realistic Scenarios
34:05 The Role of Communication in Crisis Management
37:33 The Impact of Cyber Attacks on Operations
39:57 The Importance of Tabletop Exercises and How to Get Started
40:35 Conclusion

Monday Mar 04, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy converses with Cassie Crossley, author of the book on software supply chain security. Hardy explores the importance of cybersecurity, the structure of software supply chains, and the potential risks they pose. Crossley shares her expert insights on different software source codes and the intricacies of secure development life cycle. She highlights the significance of Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) and the challenges in maintaining the integrity of software products. The discussion also covers the concept of counterfeits in the software world, stressing the need for continuous monitoring and a holistic approach towards cybersecurity.
Link to the Book: https://www.amazon.com/Software-Supply-Chain-Security-End/dp/1098133706?&_encoding=UTF8&tag=-0-0-20&linkCode=ur2
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1SJS2VzyMS-xLF0vlGIgrnn5cOP8feCV9
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
01:44 Discussion on Software Supply Chain Security
02:33 Insights into Secure Development Life Cycle
03:20 Understanding the Importance of Supplier Landscape
05:09 The Role of Security in Software Supply Chain
07:29 The Impact of Vulnerabilities in Software Supply Chain
09:06 The Importance of Secure Software Development Life Cycle
14:13 The Role of Frameworks and Standards in Software Supply Chain Security
17:39 Understanding the Importance of Business Continuity Plan
20:53 The Importance of Security in Agile Development
24:01 Understanding OWASP and Secure Coding
24:20 The Importance of API Security
24:50 The Concept of Shift Left in Software Development
25:20 The Role of Culture in Software Development
25:52 Exploring Different Source Code Types
26:19 The Rise of Low Code, No Code Platforms
28:53 The Potential Risks of Generative AI Source Code
34:24 Understanding Software Bill of Materials (SBOM)
41:07 The Challenge of Spotting Counterfeit Software
41:36 The Importance of Integrity Checks in Software Development
45:45 Closing Thoughts and the Importance of Cybersecurity Awareness

Monday Feb 26, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, the host, G Mark Hardy, delves into the concepts of responsibility, accountability, and authority. These are considered critical domains in any leadership position but are also specifically applicable in the field of cybersecurity. The host emphasizes the need for a perfect balance between these areas to avoid putting one in a scapegoat position, which is often common for CISOs. Drawing on his military and cybersecurity experiences, he provides insights into how responsibility, accountability, and authority can be perfectly aligned for the efficient execution of duties. He also addresses how these concepts intertwine with various forms of power - positional, coercive, expert, informational, reward, referent, and connection. The host further empathizes with CISOs often put in tricky situations where they are held accountable but lack the authority or resources to execute their roles effectively and provides suggestions for culture change within organizations to overcome these challenges.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1S8JIRztM6iaZonGv0qhtWY4vDyBfGhs-/
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:22 Understanding Responsibility, Accountability, and Authority
01:20 The Role of Leadership in Cybersecurity
02:47 Exploring the Concepts of Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability
03:08 Applying Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability to the CISO Role
04:20 The Interplay of Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability
11:57 Understanding Power and Its Forms
12:43 The Impact of Power on Leadership and Influence
24:04 The Role of Connection Power in Today's Digital Age
24:40 Understanding Different Sources of Power
25:13 The Power of Networking and Connections
26:49 The Challenges of Being a CISO
29:19 Understanding the Value of Your Role
33:56 The Importance of Expert Power
37:46 The Consequences of Ignoring Maintenance
43:40 Aligning Responsibility, Accountability, and Authority
44:39 The Importance of Legal Protections for CISOs
45:30 Wrapping Up: Balancing Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability

#169 - MFA Mishaps

Monday Feb 19, 2024

Monday Feb 19, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy discusses various mishaps that can occur with Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) and how these can be exploited by attackers. The talk covers several scenarios such as the misuse of test servers, bypassing of MFA via malicious apps and phishing scams, violation of the Illinois Biometric Information Protection Act by using biometric data without proper consent, and potential future legal restrictions on biometric data usage. G Mark also highlights the significance of correct implementation of MFA to ensure optimum organizational security and how companies can fail to achieve this due to overlooking non-technical issues like legal consent for biometric data collection.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FPCFlFRV1S_5eaFmjp5ByU-FCAzg_1kO
References:
Evil Proxy Attack- https://www.resecurity.com/blog/article/evilproxy-phishing-as-a-service-with-mfa-bypass-emerged-in-dark-web
Microsoft Attack - https://www-bleepingcomputer-com.cdn.ampproject.org/c/s/www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/microsoft-reveals-how-hackers-breached-its-exchange-online-accounts/amp/
Illinois Biometric Law - https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=095-0994
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:43 Understanding Multi Factor Authentication
01:05 Exploring Different Levels of Authentication
03:30 The Risks of Multi Factor Authentication
03:51 The Importance of Password Management
04:27 Exploring the Use of Trusted Platform Module for Authentication
06:17 Understanding the Difference Between TPM and HSM
09:00 The Challenges of Implementing MFA in Enterprises
11:25 Exploring Real-World MFA Mishaps
15:30 The Risks of Overprivileged Test Systems
17:16 The Importance of Monitoring Non-Production Environments
19:02 Understanding Consent Phishing Scams
30:37 The Legal Implications of Biometric Data Collection
32:24 Conclusion and Final Thoughts

Monday Feb 12, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy is joined by special guest Rick Howard, Chief Security Officer, Chief Analyst and Senior Fellow at CyberWire. Rick shares his insights on first principles in cybersecurity, discussing how these form the foundations of any cybersecurity strategy. He emphasizes the importance of understanding materiality and integrating the concept of time bound risk assessment to achieve a resilient cybersecurity environment. The episode also delves into the value of Fermi estimates and Bayes algorithm for risk calculation. Amid humor and personal anecdotes, Rick and Mark also reflect on their experiences during 9/11. Rick introduces his book, 'Cybersecurity First Principles', elucidating the rationale behind its conception.
Link to the Cybersecurity First Principles Book: https://www.amazon.com/Cybersecurity-First-Principles-Strategy-Tactics/dp/B0CBVSX2H2/?&_encoding=UTF8&tag=-0-0-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=1b3010fb678a109743f1fb564eb6d0fc&camp=1789&creative=9325
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1y8JPSzpmqDMd-1PZ-MWSqOuxgFTDVvre
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
02:00 Guest's Career Journey and Achievements
08:49 Discussion on Cybersecurity First Principles
15:27 Understanding Materiality in Cybersecurity
21:56 The Gap Between Security Teams and Business Leaders
22:21 The Importance of Speaking the Language of Business
23:03 The Art of the Elevator Pitch
24:04 The Impact of Cybersecurity on Business Value
25:10 The Importance of a Clear Cybersecurity Strategy
26:04 The Value of Business Fluency in Cybersecurity
27:44 The Role of Risk Calculation in Cybersecurity
29:41 The Power of Estimation in Risk Management
30:33 The Importance of Understanding Business Imperatives
41:25 The Role of Culture and Risk Appetite in Cybersecurity
45:39 The First Principle of Cybersecurity

Monday Feb 05, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy is joined by guest Craig Barber, the Chief Information Security Officer at SugarCRM. They discuss the increasingly critical topic of cybersecurity apprenticeships and Craig shares his personal journey from technical network engineer to CISO. They delve into the benefits of apprenticeships for both the individual and the organization, drawing parallels with guilds and trade schools of the past and incorporating real-world examples. They also look at the potential challenges and pitfalls of such programs, providing insights for organizations considering creating an apprenticeship scheme. Lastly, they examine the key attributes of successful apprentices and how these contribute to building stronger, more diverse cybersecurity teams.
Craig Barber's Profile: https://www.linkedin.com/in/craig-barber/
Transcripts https://docs.google.com/document/d/1J8nrhYCMBSmc0kLBasskBoY2RLIwR7Vb
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:23 Understanding Cybersecurity Apprenticeships
02:43 The Role of Mentorship in Cybersecurity
04:09 The Benefits of Cybersecurity Apprenticeships
07:17 The Evolution of Apprenticeships in the Tech Industry
10:00 The Value of Apprenticeships in Building Loyalty
11:08 The Difference Between Internships and Apprenticeships
15:32 The Role of Apprenticeships in Addressing the Skills Shortage
19:15 The Challenges of Implementing Apprenticeships
26:28 The Future of Cybersecurity Apprenticeships
44:32 Conclusion: The Value of Cybersecurity Apprenticeships

Monday Jan 29, 2024

This video introduces a newly proposed acronym in the world of cybersecurity known as the 'Cyber UPDATE'. The acronym breaks down into Unchanging, Perimeterizing, Distributing, Authenticating and Authorizing, Tracing, and Ephemeralizing. The video aims to explain each component of the acronym and its significance in enhancing cybersecurity. 
References:
https://www.watchguard.com/wgrd-news/blog/decrypting-cybersecurity-acronyms-0
https://computerhistory.org/profile/john-mccarthy/
https://owasp.org/www-community/Threat_Modeling_Process#stride
https://attack.mitre.org/att&ck 
https://d3fend.mitre.org/
https://fourcore.io/blogs/mitre-attack-mitre-defend-detection-engineering-threat-hunting  
https://cars.mclaren.com/us-en/legacy/mclaren-p1-gtr
https://csrc.nist.gov/glossary/term/confidentiality
https://csrc.nist.gov/glossary/term/integrity
https://csrc.nist.gov/glossary/term/availability
https://www.microsoft.com/licensing/docs/view/Service-Level-Agreements-SLA-for-Online-Services
https://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/30/washington/va-laptop-is-recovered-its-data-intact.html
https://cloudscaling.com/blog/cloud-computing/the-history-of-pets-vs-cattle/
https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/tr/pdf/ADA221814.pdf 
Transcripts https://docs.google.com/document/d/16upm5bKTsIkDo3s-mvUMlgkX1uqUKnUH
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
01:34 Cybersecurity Acronyms: Pre-1990s
02:26 STRIDE and DREAD Models
02:39 PICERL and MITRE Models
05:04 Defining Cybersecurity
07:52 CIA Triad and Its Importance
09:00 Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability
11:52 The Parkerian Hexad
17:30 D.I.E. Triad Concept
24:28 Cybersecurity UPDATE
24:51 Unchanging
25:46 Perimeterizing
29:36 Distributing
29:50 Authenticating
33:58 Tracing
36:07 Ephemeralizing 

Monday Jan 22, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy interviews JP Bourget about the security data pipeline and how modernizing SOC ingest can improve efficiency and outcomes. Featuring discussions on cybersecurity leadership, API integrations, and the role of AI and advanced model learning in future data lake architectures. They discuss how vendor policies can impact data accessibility. They also reflect on their shared Buffalo roots and because their professional journeys. Tune in for valuable insights from top cybersecurity experts.
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1evI2JTGg7S_Hjaf0sV-Nk_i0oiv8XNAr 
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
00:50 Guest's Background and Journey
05:27 Discussion on Security Data Pipeline
07:19 Introduction to SOAR
08:01 Benefits and Challenges of SOAR
12:40 Guest's Current Work and Company
14:04 Security Data Pipeline Modernization
22:20 Discussion on Vendor Integration
29:09 Security Pipeline Approach and AI
38:03 Closing Thoughts and Future Directions

#164 - The 7 Lies in Cyber

Monday Jan 15, 2024

Monday Jan 15, 2024

In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, we debunk seven common lies pervasive in the cybersecurity industry. From the fallacy of achieving a complete inventory before moving onto other controls, the misconception about the accuracy of AppSec tools, to the fear of being viewed as a cost center - we delve deep into these misconceptions, elucidating their roots and impacts. We also discuss how ISO and FAIR, audits and certifications, risk assessments, and mandatory cyber incident reporting may not always be as straightforward as they seem. The episode is not only an eye-opener but also provides insightful guidance on how to navigate these misconceptions and enhance the effectiveness of your cybersecurity measures.
CloudGoat EC2 SSRF- https://rhinosecuritylabs.com/cloud-security/cloudgoat-aws-scenario-ec2_ssrf/
OWASP Benchmark - https://owasp.org/www-project-benchmark/
Transcripts - https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yZZ4TLlC2sRfwPV7bQmar7LY4xk2HcIo
Chapters
00:12 Introduction
00:56 The Lie of Accurate Inventory
05:29 The Lie of Accurate Risk Assessment
08:41 The Lie of Shifting Left in DevSecOps
13:45 The Lie of Certifications Ensuring Security
18:33 The Lie of Reporting Cyber Incidents in 72 Hours
20:44 The Lie of Accurate Application Security Tools
22:07 The Lie of Cybersecurity Not Being a Cost Center
24:44 Conclusion and Recap of Cybersecurity Lies 

Monday Jan 08, 2024

Join G Mark Hardy in this episode of the CISO Tradecraft podcast where he details how cyber protects revenue. He clarifies how cybersecurity is seen as a cost center by most organizations, but stresses how it can become a protector of business profits. Concepts like Operational Resilience Framework (ORF) Version 2 by the Global Resilience Federation are discussed in depth. Hardy also outlines seven steps from ORF to operational resilience including implementing industry-recognized frameworks, understanding the organization's role in the ecosystem, defining viable service levels, and more. 
 
Link to the ORF - https://www.grf.org/orf
Transcripts - https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ckYj-UKDa-wlOVbalWvXOdEO4OYgjO0i
Chapters
00:12 Introduction
01:47 Introduction to Operational Resilience Framework
02:38 Understanding Resilience and Antifragility
03:32 Common Cybersecurity Attacks and How to Anticipate Them 06:22 Building Resilience in Cybersecurity
09:43 Operational Resilience Framework: Steps and Principles
17:50 Preserving Datasets and Implementing Recovery Processes
20:18 Evaluating and Testing Your Disaster Recovery Plan
21:11 Recap of Operational Resilience Framework Steps
22:04 CISO Tradecraft Services and Closing Remarks

Monday Jan 01, 2024

Looking for accurate predictions on what 2024 holds for cybersecurity? Tune into our latest episode of CISO Tradecraft for intriguing insights and industry trends. Listen now and boost your cybersecurity knowledge!
Earn CPEs: https://www.cisotradecraft.com/isaca
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/11YX2bjhIVThSNPF6yEKaNWECErxjWA-R
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
02:11 1) CISOs flock to buy private liability and D&O insurance. It also becomes the norm for CISO hiring agreements.
05:25 2) CISO reporting structure changes. No more reporting to the CIO.
11:43 3) More CISOs get implicated in lawsuits, but the lawsuits rule in favor of the CISO.
13:36 4) Harder to find cyber talent since universities are not graduating as many students. This plus inflation increases result in major spike in cyber salaries
16:59 5) Cyber industry minimizes external consulting costs to weather reduced revenues during recession
19:44 6) AI-generated fraud will increase significantly
22:15 7) Shadow AI will result in Hidden Vulnerabilities
24:24 8) LLM attacks new vector for "AI-enabled" companies
27:23 9) Cyber insurance exclusions will tend to normalize and will prescribe activities that must be done if payout to occur
31:44 10) Self-driving cars will encounter regulatory setback
34:02 Review of Last Year's Predictions
41:03 Actionable Items for the Future
41:29 Closing Remarks and Invitation for 2024

Monday Dec 25, 2023

In the second half of the discussion about secure developer training programs, G Mark Hardy and Scott Russo delve deeper into how to engineer an effective cybersecurity course. They discuss the importance and impact of automation and shifting left, the customization needed for different programming languages and practices, and the role of gamification in engagement and learning. The conversation also touches upon anticipating secular trends, compliance with privacy and data protection regulations, different leaning styles and preferences, and effective strategies to enhance courses based on participant feedback. Scott highlights the lasting impacts and future implications of secure developer training, especially with the advent of generative AI in code generation.
ISACA Event (10 Jan 2024) With G Mark Hardy - https://www.cisotradecraft.com/isaca
Transcripts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zr09gVpJuZMUMmF9Y-Kc0DOy-1gH0cx-
Chapters
00:00 Introduction
01:08 Importance of Ongoing Support and Mentorship
01:46 The Role of Community in Training
03:03 Hands-on Exercises and Practical Experience
06:01 Success Stories and Testimonials
08:29 Incorporating Security Trends into Training
11:08 Balancing Security with Developer Productivity
18:17 Teaching Secure Coding Practices in Different Languages
20:27 Engaging and Motivating Participants
22:51 Promoting the Program: Engaging and Fun
23:37 Accommodating Different Learning Styles
24:16 Catering to Self-Paced Learners
26:19 Addressing Proficiency Levels and Remediation
28:55 Compliance with Privacy and Data Protection Regulations
30:48 Breaking Down Complex Security Concepts
32:05 Creating a Culture of Security Awareness
33:25 Partnerships and Collaborations in Secure Development
35:10 Feedback and Improvement of the Program
36:12 Cost Considerations for Secure Developer Training
39:20 Tracking Participants' Progress and Completion Rates
41:23 Trends in Secure Developer Training
43:42 Final Thoughts on Secure Developer Training

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